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What Is A Home Inspection

Updated: Feb 17

what is a home inspection

Whether you're in the process of selling your current home or searching for a new one, it's likely that a home inspection will be involved. Despite thousands of inspections happening daily, many homeowners and buyers are unfamiliar with the process. Here's a quick guide to understanding what a home inspection entails. For a more detailed explanation, reach out to Marble Inspection, or a reputable local home inspector to learn more.

Overview of Home Inspections

A home inspection involves a visual examination of a property and its current condition. Typically, buyers enlist the services of home inspectors when they've found their future home and want to make sure that they have a thorough understanding of the home and it's current condition.

Key Components Covered in a Home Inspection

During a home inspection, inspectors conduct a detailed walkthrough of the property, examining various systems. Buyers are encouraged to attend the inspection, gaining insights into the findings and asking questions.

Inspectors assess and report on the following areas:

1. Roof: Coverings, gutters, vents, and other features.

2. Exterior: Siding, windows, doors, walkways, and drainage.

3. Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure: Evaluating for major structural issues.

4. Plumbing: Checking functionality and identifying shut-off locations.

5. Electrical: Inspecting wiring, panels, and safety features.

6. Heating/Cooling Systems: Assessing for proper operation.

7. Fireplace: If present, examining components for safety.

8. Attic, Insulation & Ventilation: Ensuring proper insulation and ventilation.

9. Doors, Windows & Interior: Checking various interior features.

Limitations of Home Inspections

A common misunderstanding is what a home inspector does and doesn't inspect. A home inspector is limited to what is visible and accessible. For example, a home inspector cannot see through walls or under concrete, because these areas are not visible or accessible. Sometimes there are visible symptoms in these areas that indicate a problem, but often times these symptoms show up after a home inspection is completed.

Another common misunderstanding concerns additional services related to a home inspection. Often a client will assume that services like WDO Inspections, Septic Inspections, Sewer Scopes, Well Inspections, and Level 2 Chimney Inspections are included in a home inspection. These additional services require additional training, licenses, and equipment that are outside the scope of a home inspection. The scope or standards or practice for a home inspection in TN is set forth by the state. To view the state's standards, CLICK HERE.

What to Expect During an Inspection

Buyers are encouraged to accompany inspectors during the inspection process, asking questions and seeking clarification as needed. The average inspection time varies based on the property's size, age, condition, and additional services but typically lasts 2-4 hours.

Following the inspection, inspectors provide a detailed report, including photos, videos, and additional information about the property's condition.

Final Steps and Negotiations

A home inspection serves as a crucial step in understanding a property's condition, allowing buyers to negotiate repairs or adjustments to the purchase price accordingly. The inspection report assists buyers and agents in identifying necessary repairs and estimating associated costs, facilitating negotiations with the seller.


In conclusion, a home inspection is indispensable in the buying process, providing invaluable insights into a property's condition and helping buyers make informed decisions.

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